In many countries Information Technology (IT) Parks, which are also referred to as Techno Parks, Cyber Parks and Science Parks, have been established to facilitate the development of IT industries that foster new business development and technological innovation by leveraging synergies within a cluster environment. Given the potential complexity of these projects and scope of required investments, the growing interest of governments in developing and transition economies in designing and promoting such projects, and their needs for policy advice and financial support from the donor community, there is a pressing need for a synthesis of best practices and lessons learned both from success and failure.
To address this need, infoDev, in cooperation with the World Bank Group, commissioned a global best practice study on IT Parks. The study identifies five countries, from which a total of six IT Parks were selected to get a representative sample covering both (i) successfull and not-so-successful IT parks, and (ii) IT goods as well as IT and BPO (Business Process Outsourcing) services. The study analysis has been based on the CLIP framework:
IT Parks & COUNTRIES of analysis
Based on this framework, the study analyzes six IT Parks and presents the critical business success factors for setting up IT Parks.
- Taedok Valley, Taejon, Korea
- Zhongguancun Science Park (ZSP), China
- Hitec City, Hyderabad, India
- IT Park, Hubli, India
- Singapore Science Park, Singapore
- Cyberjaya Flagship Zone, Malaysia
The study also includes three in-depth country studies (Russia, Jordan, and Vietnam), which assesses and bechmarks each country based on the "critical business success factors" and provide recommendations on Policy Development actions (e.g. policy, regulation, infrastructure, and human capital) to be taken to address constraints.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Sector Week.
Washington, D.C., January 26-29, 2009
Organized by the Global Information and Communication Technologies (GICT) department of the World Bank, the event was part of the department's broader knowledge and learning program for all World Bank Group staff. The event engaged IFC and Bank staff, senior industry executives and sector experts in discussions on how to leverage ICT to scale up the development impact of our operations. It also presented some of the recent ICT analytical work and upcoming publications.
As part of this larger event, infoDev presented its report "International Good Practice for the Establishment of Sustainable IT Parks" in a Brown-bag lunch that brought together WB project managers and the private sector to discuss the report findings and implications for World Bank and IFC operations and clients.
Watch the recording of the session discussion here:
Download options for the study of International Good Practices for Establishment of Sustainable IT Parks
(To read these PDF files, you need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader).
International Good Practices for Establishment of Sustainable IT Parks
Complete reports as one PDF file
IT Sector: Alternative Development Models
IT Parks: What Has Worked and What Has Not
IT Sector: Policies and Their Impact
Jordan Case Study
Russia Case Study
Vietnam Case Study
Appendices 1 and 2: Indicative Internal Rate of Return for Select IT Parks
Appendix 3: Discussion Participants